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Molecular Biology

A career path for those who enjoy tinkering with the smallest building blocks that are responsible for life.

What Molecular Biologists Do

Molecular Biologists are primarily concerned with researching and studying cellular molecules.

Molecular Biologists research and study cellular molecules and organelles to understand cell function and organization.

They typically work in research environments such as laboratories, either at universities, hospitals or private organisations (e.g. pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies).

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How to become a Molecular Biologist
Most Molecular Biologists complete an undergraduate degree in biological sciences, health sciences or biomedicine.

About a third go straight to work in a laboratory or research environment after graduation.

The rest typically choose to pursue postgraduate studies, including a master degree or PhD/Doctorate, with around half pursuing Postdoctorate roles.

These advanced degrees may provide an advantage when applying for more competitive or senior roles.

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Relevant Tasks
  • Maintain accurate laboratory records and data.
  • Design molecular or cellular laboratory experiments, oversee their execution, and interpret results.
  • Compile and analyze molecular or cellular experimental data and adjust experimental designs as necessary.
  • Conduct research on cell organization and function, including mechanisms of gene expression, cellular bioinformatics, cell signaling, or cell differentiation.
  • Supervise technical personnel and postdoctoral research fellows.

Molecular Biologists require/develop the following valuable skills

Analyze biological samples 100%
Documentation & Report Writing 85%
Plan biological research 100%
Record research and/or operational data 90%
Research Microbiological or Chemical Processes/Structures. 100%
Operating laboratory instruments & equipment 100%

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This page includes information from O*NET OnLine by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA). Used under the CC BY 4.0 license. O*NET® is a trademark of USDOL/ETA.